Technological tools that make possible new ways of travel have been created because of the high contamination and the increasingly use of private vehicle.
Private vehicle is the main transport that people use to move themselves in big cities. Therefore traffic jams are considered to be a huge problem in our lives. This state of affairs will be present in our society until mobility inside cities change.
According to UN (United Nations) it is expected that in 2050, people who live in big cities will face worse traffic jams -twice now-, taking into account that two thirds of the total amount of population will live in huge cities.
EU (European Union) has an environmental objective. They want to create urban logistics without emissions. The idea is to make a transport model based on the demand rather than on timetables or schedules. The bus would come if there are people waiting on the bus stop.
To make this purpose possible, it is necessary to develop intelligent transport systems. These systems can be applied in three different areas: traffic management, intelligent tolling and others systems such as: transport operations management or traffic of commercial vehicles monitoring.
However, there exist two main problems. On the one hand, regulations, which aren’t as fast as the technology and on the other hand safety, which requires a huge quantity of information that can be deleted, intercepted or controlled by an assailant.
Intelligent transport systems can give citizens more safety, commodity and quality of life because it is adapted to their needs. Moreover, big data can help to make a more efficient planning that will make traffic jams disappear.
This kind of transportation will become a reality in next years.
Apart from this kind of buses, there will be autonomous vehicles, automated vehicles, driverless taxis or maglev trains that will help to improve logistics within cities and between them.